vacuum-cleaner-657719_960_720Have you ever had your carpets serviced and wondered to yourself what exactly the difference between Double Glue-Down  or Direct Glue-Down  really was? Well, we’re here to clear the confusion. Here’s a how-to guide on deciphering carpet speak.  Thank us later.

  • Antimicrobial — A chemical treatment added to carpet to reduce the growth of common bacteria, fungi, yeast, mold and mildew.
  • Attached Cushion — A cushioning material, such as foam, rubber, urethane, PVC, etc., adhered to the back side of a carpet to provide additional dimensional stability, thickness and padding.
  • Average Pile Yarn Weight —Mass per unit area of the pile yarn including buried portions of the pile yarn. In the US, it is usually expressed as ounces per square yard.
  • Berber — A loop-pile carpet style tufted with thick yarn, such as wool, nylon or olefin.
  • Binding — A band or strip sewn over a carpet edge to protect, strengthen or decorate
  • Broadloom — A term used to denote carpet produced in widths wider than 6 feet.
  • Cushion — Any kind of material placed under carpet to provide softness and adequate support when it is walked upon. Carpet cushion provides a softer feel underfoot and provides added acoustical and insulation benefits and longer wear life for the carpet.
  • Delamination — Separation of the secondary backing or attached cushion from the primary backing of the carpet.
  • Density — Refers to the amount of pile yarn in the carpet and the closeness of the tufts.
  • Dimensional Stability — The ability of the carpet to Breaking Down the Lingo: Carpet Cleaning (See, there’s even a word for it!)
  • retain its original size and shape, e.g. a secondary backing adds dimensional stability to carpet.
  • Direct Glue-Down — An installation method whereby the carpet is adhered to the floor.
  • Double Glue-Down — An installation method whereby the carpet cushion is first adhered to the floor with an adhesive, and the carpet is then glued to the cushion.
  • Fluffing — Appearance on carpet surface of loose fiber fragments left during manufacture.
  • Fuzzing — Hairy effect on fabric surface caused by fibers slipping out of the yarn with wear or wet cleaning.
  • Gauge — The distance between two needle points expressed in fractions of an inch. Applies to both knitting and tufting.
  • Hand — The tactile aesthetic qualities of carpet and textiles, how it feels to the hand.
  • Level Loop — When the pile loops are of substantially the same height and uncut, making a smooth, level surface.
  • Loop Pile — Carpet style having a pile surface consisting of uncut loops.
  • Miter Joint — A junction of two pieces of carpet (or other material) at an angle.
  • Pile — The visible surface of carpet consisting of yarn tufts in loop and/or cut configuration.
  • Pile Crush — Loss of pile thickness due to compression and bending of tufts caused by traffic and heavy furniture. The tufts collapse into the air space between them.
  • Pilling — A condition of the carpet face (which may occur from heavy traffic) in which fibers from different tufts become entangled with one another, forming tangled masses of fibers.
  • Power Stretcher — A carpet installation tool used to stretch carpet for installation with a tackless strip.
  • Saxony — A cut-pile carpet texture with twisted yarns in a relatively dense, erect configuration.
  • Shading — When a change occurs in the appearance of a carpet due to localized distortions in the orientation of the fibers, tufts or loops.
  • Sisal — A natural plant fiber used in mimicking the woven look of rugs.
  • Soil Retardant — A chemical finish applied to the fibers and/or carpet surfaces that inhibit the attachment of soil.
  • Underlay — The carpet cushioning under rugs.
  • Woven — Carpet created on a weaving loom in which the length and width yarns are interlaced to form the fabric, including the face and the backing.

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